Lore & History Behind the Red Lightsaber
To understand the role that each saber plays we must first understand where the color originates from. Color comes from cyber crystals. The crystal is at the core of the lightsaber and the color of the crystal determines the color of the saber. They are extremely rare and attuned with the Force. The color emitted by each crystal is determined by the personality, fighting style, and force-alignment of the wielder. This applies to all cyber crystals, except for red crystals.
Red crystals are synthetic, and commonly referred to as Synth-crystals. These crystals are formed artificially to resemble their naturally formed counterparts which grow organically that are scattered throughout the galaxy. While the majority of synthetic crystals were indeed red, they were known to emit other colors depending on the previously mentioned characteristics.
It is unclear when the Sith and other dark side aligned groups began to incorporate red crystals into their lightsabers, but the earliest documentation occurs in the days of the Old Sith Empire. The first known Sith to brandish a red-bladed saber was Karness Muur, a Knight of the Jedi Order who crumbled to his lust for power and became a Dark Jedi. From there, several notable characters such as Haazen, Exar Kun, Darth Revan, and Darth Malak all wielded a red-bladed lightsaber, which sparked the widespread adoption of the color among their Sith followers. Following the spread of red crystals among the Sith Empire, red-hued crystal users were labeled Darksiders.
A primary reason that synthetic crystals became so widespread among the Sith was their need to remain hidden from the Jedi. The Jedi Order had long since mined planet’s such as Illum, which contained a plethora of naturally growing crystals. Eventually, synthetic crystals became ingrained in the culture and tradition of the Sith, with most members considering their red crystals to be superior to the crystals used by the Jedi. The Sith considered their process of replicating crystals to indicate their power of manipulation over the Force. Oppositely, the Jedi dismissed the creation of synthetic crystals, with the perspective that this was the quick and easy path. However, there have been cases of Jedi using synthetic crystals when natural cyber was not accessible. The most notable case of this with a prominent Star Wars character was Luke Skywalker, who used a synthetic green crystal for his first lightsaber. During the reign of the Galactic Empire, Darth Sidious commanded the destruction of many sites where crystals were commonly found. This forced the New Jedi Order to rely almost exclusively on synthetic crystals to form their lightsabers.
Although synthetic crystals were originally considered unsuitable for use in lightsabers, the Sith discovered that they could create synth-crystals that were energized, magnetized, and modified using furnaces which caused the crystal to glow in harmonic vibration. The red color was a result of the forging process, and the intention of the creator to augment the color to the crimson hue we’ve come to know. Nicknamed “bloodshine blades,” the crystal’s ability to change to reflect the intentions of the creator is rumored to foster a stronger bond between the lightsaber and wielder, but this is unconfirmed.
The furnace that the crystals are formed in was built to replicate the geological conditions of naturally growing cyber crystals. Once the formula was perfected, acquiring the raw materials necessary to build the crystals were readily accessible. The materials would be placed into the machine and left to back between twenty-four to ninety-six hours. During this time, the creator would remain with the crystal and meditate on it through the Force, guiding its formation and bolstering the strength of the resulting crystal. This is also where initiates would augment the crystals abilities to be best suited to the wielders needs. In addition to color, there are multiple variations of synthetic crystals which affected the focus, strengths, and weaknesses of each blade.
- Standard – These are the baseline synthetic crystals originally created through the replication of the natural geologic processes. They were generally considered to be more powerful than natural crystals, and were more easily controlled than the other synthetic variants. In some cases, these crystals were known to “break the blade” of standard lightsabers by overloading the energy matrix and burning out the other saber. While this occurrence was particularly rare, it was a frightening possibility which was a concern for all those that battled an opponent with a red saber.
- Compressed – This variant was a result of the failure to accurately replicate the typical geologic process that formed crystals. This resulted in a lightsaber blade that was considerably thinner than standard blades. This allowed the user to demonstrate greater precision and control. An identifying trait of a compressed crystal were oscillations of energy that would run along the blade in perpetual intervals.
- Unstable – Similar to compressed crystals, unstable crystals are failed attempts to replicate the normal geologic process. These blades would crackle with energy pulse in erratic intervals, occasionally causing sparks or streaks of electrical energy to burst from the blade. Due to the surplus of energy emitting from the blade, these crystals were known to cause more damage when they hit enemies. However, they were also prone to shorting out, causing the saber to deactivate and leaving the wielder vulnerable to attack. For this reason, unstable crystals were rarely used other than by the riskier Sith.
Individuals who used red lightsabers had a short fuse, and would tend to anger frequently. Physical attack is often their first reaction when faced with adversity. Due to the fear with which most people would experience when confronted by red lightsaber wielders, these individuals commonly lived in solidarity. Personality traits of these individuals also include determined, spontaneous, arrogant, proud, selfish, audacious, and often merciless. These warriors are unpredictable, channeling their inner-aggression into their dueling style and Force-alignment. Commonly suffering from tunnel vision, these warriors would stop at nothing to reach their full potential and obtain their deepest desires. Red lightsaber wielder are power hungry and ruthless enemies, in some cases going mad with their yearning for dominance.